It appears that during this time Louverture returned to play an important role on the Bréda plantation to remain closer to old friends and his family. Toussaint remained there until the outbreak of the revolution as a salaried employee and contributed to the daily functions of the plantation. He took up his old responsibilities of looking after the livestock and care of the horses. By 1789, his responsibilities expanded to include acting as a muleteer, master miller, and possibly a slave-driver, charged with organizing the workforce. During this time the Bréda family attempted to divide the plantation and the slaves on it among a new series of four heirs. In an attempt to protect his foster mother, Pelage, Louverture bought a young 22-year-old female slave and traded her to the Brédas to prevent Pelage from being sold to a new owner. By the start of the revolution, Louverture began to accumulate a moderate fortune and was able to buy a small plot of land adjacent to the Bréda property to build a house for his family. He was nearly 48 years old at this time.
The events at Gonaïves made Lleonart increasingly suspicious of Louverture. When they had met at his camp 23 April, the black general had shown up with 150 armed and mounted men, as opposed to the usual 25, choosing not to announce his arrival or waiting for permission to enter. Lleonart found him lacking his usual modesty or submission, and after accepting an invitation to dinner 29 April, Louverture afterward failed to show. The limp that had confined him to his bed during the Gonaïves attack was thought to be feigned and Lleonart suspected him of treachery. Remaining distrustful of the black commander, Lleonart housed his wife and children whilst Louverture led an attack on Dondon in early May, an act which Lleonart later believed confirmed Louverture's decision to turn against the Spanish.
On 20 March, he succeeded in capturing the French Governor Laveaux, and appointed himself Governor. Louverture's troops soon arrived at Cap-Français to rescue the captured governor and to drive Villatte out of town. Louverture was noted for opening the warehouses to the public, proving that they were empty of the chains that residents feared had been imported to prepare for a return to slavery. He was promoted to commander of the West Province two months later, and in 1797 was appointed as Saint-Domingue's top-ranking officer. Laveaux proclaimed Louverture as Lieutenant Governor, announcing at the same time that he would do nothing without his approval, to which Louverture replied: \"After God, Laveaux.\"
This ended when Christophe, ostensibly convinced that Leclerc would not re-institute slavery, switched sides in return for retaining his generalship in the French military. General Jean-Jacques Dessalines did the same shortly later. On 6 May 1802, Louverture rode into Cap-Français and negotiated an acknowledgement of Leclerc's authority in return for an amnesty for him and his remaining generals. Louverture was then forced to capitulate and placed under house arrest on his property in Ennery.
Hello from Fondwa, Haiti, elevation 850m, Population 8000. For the past twenty days, I have been teaching a group of enthusiastic Haitian university students at the University of Fondwa. As I mentioned in my previous post, the university lost all its buildings during the Jan 12 quake. At the moment, we are using an abandoned warehouse as a temporary campus. It has no roof, so we put a tin roof over to keep the rain out. We use tarps (thank you USAID) for our windows to keep the rain out. There are 3 classrooms and an office. Some of the students have lost their homes in the Jan 12 earthquake, so the university allowed them to stay inside the warehouse.
A dishwasher from a private school said that her employer hasagreed to give her a raise to 36 gourdes, but not until October.Even then, I can't live on that if they don't make the prices offood and necessity go down... that's nothing. A taxi driver fromCroix-des-Missions to the north of the capital who drives arented cab 12 hours a day said, After you pay for the car andgas, you might take home 50 or 75 gourdes, if the day was good,he meaning in a month of six-day weeks, if he is lucky, he canmake US$16 to $24. The driver lives with his wife, seven childrenand blind mother in a home rented for 2,500 gourdes/year. Thehouse has no electricity, water, telephone nor toilet.
The woman lives in Cite Soleil in a two-room house with herchild. She pays 1,500 gourdes/year rent. She has no water,electricity or toilet. Although she had worked at her factory foryears before the coup, she has lost all her seniority andbenefits. She and most other workers are now hired as jobberson three-month contracts with no benefits.
Amanda Broseus installs solar panels in HaitiDay 2, Sunday March 9, 2014Today, some of the group went to a church service right across from the Graystone House where we're staying. The engineers decided as a group that it would be more beneficial for us to head to the primary school and get a layout of how the project will be implemented and the true power demands of the school. We also made a very long shopping list.The group that went to the church said it was a unique cultural experience and that they were welcomed with open arms, but I think the engineers were happy with our decision to immediately start focusing on our project and why we came here. Our goal is to actually finish early and maybe be able to go other places for cultural experiences.The best part of today, besides getting our plan organized and the excitement to start work tomorrow, was going to the beach. I was expecting a short trip, maybe 20-30 minutes like the December trip to the beach, but we were in the hot, overly crowded van for well over an hour. One of the truck benches even broke during the trip, so that was a bit of a setback. The beach was so worth it, though, and was even more beautiful than the one we visited in December. There were tons of kids playing soccer. Some of our group even played with them, and we took a bunch of Ohio State photos in the ocean. There were also street venders, and some people got some amazing deals on keepsakes. All I bought was this horn thing as a gift for my brother. I thought it was pretty cool and hope that he does, too, because he never likes any of the gifts I give him.Day 3, Monday March 10, 2014Today we went to numerous hardware stores and got the majority of the small components that we need like outlets, sockets, wire, and junction boxes. I think that all of us having the chance to visit the hardware stores was a good experience, to see how things run in Haiti and to see downtown Les Ceyes. Also, the third shop we visited was really exciting for us to see because it had several solar panel system components that are hard to find all in one place. They had numerous solar panel sizes, batteries, inverters. The information we gathered and prices that Dan recorded are going to be great aid for our Denman project and for projects for SEO in the future!We also started working at the school after our shopping trip. We had to wait for a while for the doors to be unlocked, but were able to hook up some light fixtures while we waited and start some basic things.Tonight during discussion I was able to learn various things about the other groups' projects, how they started out and a little of what they planned to do. I was really excited for the water group, mainly because I'm super interested in that area as well. It be really cool if we finished early with our project and we could tag along with theirs and see some of their results. The student organization group also sounds like it has a really interesting project and had a positive first day with the universities. The education students also seemed to have a positive experience and enjoyed visiting with the students, administrators, and teachers at the local schools.Day 4, Tuesday March 11, 2014Today was extremely productive for the engineering group. The panels are in Port-Au-Prince and ready to be picked up, which is beyond good news for us. While Jason, Dan, Dr.D, and I went to the store with (our Haiti contact) Clement, the rest of the group was at the site working. We first had to stop by the university with the water and student organization group. We spent a while there waiting for Clement to check his email. I used Molly's phone and tried to send an email to my brother, to tell Mom and Dad that I was okay and all was going well, but I'm not sure that he will check anytime soon and tell Mom and Dad. We had to go to the store because we weren't able to find everything we needed yesterday. We also forgot the grounding rod we bought at the first store we went to, but had no problem getting it today. We visited a couple other stores as well and several other places that Clement needed to stop.After arriving at the school site, we found that the group that started work in the morning got a ton done wiring wise. We were easily able to pick up where they left off and got even more wiring done for the office and also in the two classrooms. We are actually way ahead of schedule and if we get all the supplies necessary for continuation of work than we should be able to finish early!Best part of today was most definitely using Clement's phone to call my parents. It was great to hear their voices for a couple of minutes, and my dad literally sounded like he was about to cry with tears of joys because they had been so worried since they hadn't heard from me.Day 5, Wednesday March 12, 2014Today we all just headed to the work site together to immediately start working. We were able to wire almost everything in the administrative office, and once the teacher professional development was over we did more wiring inside of the classrooms, too. Because of the professional development, we weren't able to work for large portions of the day beca